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07-Apr-2015 09:04

As an ally of Pisa it was the enemy of Genoa, and both the King of France and the Holy Roman Emperor endeavoured to subjugate it; but in spite of this it maintained its municipal liberties.During the 13th and 14th centuries the city fell more than once into the hands of the Counts of Provence, but it regained its independence even though related to Genoa. The landward side was protected by the River Paillon, which was later covered over and is now the tram route towards the Acropolis.The city's main seaside promenade, the Promenade des Anglais ("Walkway of the English') owes its name to visitors to the resort.For decades now, the picturesque Nicean surroundings have attracted not only those in search of relaxation, but also those seeking inspiration.

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From 1744 until the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) the French and Spaniards were again in possession.Through the ages, the town has changed hands many times.Its strategic location and port significantly contributed to its maritime strength.Nice (Nicaea) was probably founded around 350 BC by the Greeks of Massalia (Marseille), and was given the name of Nikaia (Νίκαια) in honour of a victory over the neighbouring Ligurians; Nike (Νίκη) was the Greek goddess of victory.The city soon became one of the busiest trading ports on the Ligurian coast; but it had an important rival in the Roman town of Cemenelum, which continued to exist as a separate city until the time of the Lombard invasions.

From 1744 until the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) the French and Spaniards were again in possession.

Through the ages, the town has changed hands many times.

Its strategic location and port significantly contributed to its maritime strength.

Nice (Nicaea) was probably founded around 350 BC by the Greeks of Massalia (Marseille), and was given the name of Nikaia (Νίκαια) in honour of a victory over the neighbouring Ligurians; Nike (Νίκη) was the Greek goddess of victory.

The city soon became one of the busiest trading ports on the Ligurian coast; but it had an important rival in the Roman town of Cemenelum, which continued to exist as a separate city until the time of the Lombard invasions.

The ruins of Cemenelum are in Cimiez, now a district of Nice.